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When must I file a First Amendment–retaliation claim?

If you believe that your speech was unjustly disciplined by your employer, it is recommended that you file a First Amendment–retaliation claim as soon as possible.

If you are a state or local employee, you must file your claim within the timeframe that your specific state specifies. This can range anywhere from 1 to 6 years. In Ohio, it’s two years from the time of retaliation.

There is a different timeline for federal government employees. This is because this process includes a shorter timeline for filing claims, in addition to the administrative requirements that must first be completed.

Whether you are a local, state, or federal employee, it is advisable to consult experienced legal counsel to instruct you on the appropriate steps and timelines for filing a First Amendment–retaliation claim.

Making the right choice in legal representation can make the difference in whether you achieve a result that protects your legal rights and best interests.

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